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Latvia is one of Europe’s greenest nations. Near pristine forests, mires, meadows, groves, gardens and more form the unique mosaic of the awe-inspiring Latvian landscape. Forests alone cover roughly half of the country with minimal human interference.

This vast swathe of trees – over three million hectares of conifer, birch, white alder and aspen – has more than doubled in size since the 1920s. Of the 1,304 indigenous flowering plant and fern species in Latvia, several hundred grow near Latvia's borders. 


Sounds, particularly that of birds and animals, perpetuate because of their multifarious functions in the society as (a) basis of classification of sound producing objects, (b) indicator of time and change in the seasonal cycle, (c) indicator of auspicious and inauspicious happening, (d) means of creating imagery of cosmic phenomenon, and (e) indicator of futurity1.

57.168250, 24.836642 ° 
Asarum europaeumTilia cordata, Dicranum scoparium  

On sound as a physical and transformative experience, Maryanne Amacher2 emphasised the tone and colour of space. By using diffuse sound sources, she created psychoacoustic illusions of sound shapes — or “presence”. This, in part, grew out of Amacher’s fascination with synchronicities of places, and the perception of sounds in particular spaces.

In an interview with Jeff Bartone, she once described the chorus of these spaces as a “fantastic synthesizer”, ever-changing depending on factors such as the weather and other variable aspects of space. As Jio Shimizu puts it: “it is only by means of the individual sounds existing in the space that the space itself is perceived”.

In the post “Art of Surround”3, the term surround is defined not just a technique of distributing sound, but the consequences and characteristic of sound itself — “natural to the sonic phenomenon and responsible of the entire notion of the ‘auditory field’ which is more than simply one dimension of space, but a multi-layered, multi-dimensional representation of sound.” 


56.9513° N, 23.5076° E